Using TypeScript with React Native

TypeScript is a language which extends JavaScript by adding type definitions, much like Flow. While React Native is built in Flow, it supports both TypeScript and Flow by default.

If you're starting a new project, there are a few different ways to get started. You can use the TypeScript template:
npx react-native init MyApp --template react-native-template-typescript
You can use Expo which has two TypeScript templates:
npm install -g expo-cli
expo init MyTSProject
Or you could use Ignite, which also has a TypeScript template:
npm install -g ignite-cli
ignite new MyTSProject

  1. Add TypeScript and the types for React Native and Jest to your project.
yarn add --dev typescript @types/jest @types/react @types/react-native @types/react-test-renderer
# or for npm
npm install --save-dev typescript @types/jest @types/react @types/react-native @types/react-test-renderer
  1. Add a TypeScript config file. Create a tsconfig.json in the root of your project:
{
  "compilerOptions": {
    "allowJs": true,
    "allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
    "esModuleInterop": true,
    "isolatedModules": true,
    "jsx": "react",
    "lib": ["es6"],
    "moduleResolution": "node",
    "noEmit": true,
    "strict": true,
    "target": "esnext"
  },
  "exclude": ["node_modules", "babel.config.js", "metro.config.js", "jest.config.js"]
}
  1. Create a jest.config.js file to configure Jest to use TypeScript
module.exports = {
  preset: 'react-native',
  moduleFileExtensions: ['ts', 'tsx', 'js', 'jsx', 'json', 'node'],
};
  1. Rename a JavaScript file to be *.tsx
You should leave the ./index.js entrypoint file as it is otherwise you may run into an issue when it comes to bundling a production build.
  1. Run yarn tsc to type-check your new TypeScript files.

Out of the box, transforming your files to JavaScript works via the same Babel infrastructure as a non-TypeScript React Native project. We recommend that you use the TypeScript compiler only for type checking. If you have existing TypeScript code being ported to React Native, there are one or two caveats to using Babel instead of TypeScript.

You can provide an interface for a React Component's Props and State via React.Component<Props, State> which will provide type-checking and editor auto-completing when working with that component in JSX.
// components/Hello.tsx
import React from 'react';
import { Button, StyleSheet, Text, View } from 'react-native';

export interface Props {
  name: string;
  enthusiasmLevel?: number;
}

const Hello: React.FC<Props> = props => {
  const [enthusiasmLevel, setEnthusiasmLevel] = React.useState(props.enthusiasmLevel);

  const onIncrement = () => setEnthusiasmLevel((enthusiasmLevel || 0) + 1);
  const onDecrement = () => setEnthusiasmLevel((enthusiasmLevel || 0) - 1);

  const getExclamationMarks = (numChars: number) => Array(numChars + 1).join('!');
  return (
    <View style={styles.root}>
      <Text style={styles.greeting}>
        Hello {props.name + getExclamationMarks(enthusiasmLevel || 0)}
      </Text>

      <View style={styles.buttons}>
        <View style={styles.button}>
          <Button title="-" onPress={onDecrement} accessibilityLabel="decrement" color="red" />
        </View>

        <View style={styles.button}>
          <Button title="+" onPress={onIncrement} accessibilityLabel="increment" color="blue" />
        </View>
      </View>
    </View>
  );
};

// styles
const styles = StyleSheet.create({
  root: {
    alignItems: 'center',
    alignSelf: 'center',
  },
  buttons: {
    flexDirection: 'row',
    minHeight: 70,
    alignItems: 'stretch',
    alignSelf: 'center',
    borderWidth: 5,
  },
  button: {
    flex: 1,
    paddingVertical: 0,
  },
  greeting: {
    color: '#999',
    fontWeight: 'bold',
  },
});

export default Hello;
You can explore the syntax more in the TypeScript playground.

To use custom path aliases with TypeScript, you need to set the path aliases to work from both Babel and TypeScript. Here's how:
  1. Edit your tsconfig.json to have your custom path mappings. Set anything in the root of src to be available with no preceding path reference, and allow any test file to be accessed by using test/File.tsx:
    "target": "esnext",
+     "baseUrl": ".",
+     "paths": {
+       "*": ["src/*"],
+       "tests": ["tests/*"],
+       "@components/*": ["src/components/*"],
+     },
    }
  1. Configure the Babel side done by adding a new dependency, babel-plugin-module-resolver:
yarn add --dev babel-plugin-module-resolver
# or
npm install --save-dev babel-plugin-module-resolver
  1. Finally, configure your babel.config.js (note that the syntax for your babel.config.js is different from your tsconfig.json):
{
  plugins: [
+    [
+       'module-resolver',
+       {
+         root: ['./src'],
+         extensions: ['.ios.js', '.android.js', '.js', '.ts', '.tsx', '.json'],
+         alias: {
+           "tests": ["./tests/"],
+           "@components": "./src/components",
+         }
+       }
+     ]
  ]
}